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Judo

deux judoka en plein combat.

Judo is a martial art derived from jujitsu. It was created in Japan by Dr Jigoro Kano, who opened his first school, known as adojo, in 1882. In Japanese, the word “judo” means “the gentle way”, but the traditional wrestling sport can hardly be described as such – it requires considerable physical effort. In judo, Kano combined philosophical principles with physical, intellectual and moral rigour, while eliminating many of the more dangerous aspects of jujitsu. Judo developed in Europe and particularly France in the late 20th century, becoming the first martial art widely practised outside Japan.

Brief overview of the rules

The objective of judo is to throw the opponent to the ground, immobilise them with a pinning hold or force them into submission with a joint lock or choke. There are two types of advantage in modern judo. The first, Ippon, is awarded for a throw that places the opponent on their back with strength, speed and control, or submission (by choke or joint lock) or pinning them to the ground for 20 seconds. If a judoka achieves Ippon, they immediately win the match. The second advantage is waza-ari, which is awarded either after an impact that misses one of the three criteria for Ippon or when an opponent is pinned down for less than 20 seconds (but longer than 10 seconds). Two waza‑ari in one match is the equivalent of Ippon and means victory for the recipient.

Judo is divided into classes by weight for men and women, with combats lasting four minutes that are extended in the event of a draw. The discipline promotes the teaching of moral values; penalties can be awarded for passivity or behaviour deemed contrary to the spirit of judo.

Olympic history

Judo made its Olympic debut at Tokyo 1964 and was a permanent fixture in the programme from the Munich 1972 Games, with women participating from the Barcelona Paralympic Games in 1992 onwards. The sport is mostly dominated by Japan followed by France and South Korea, who have also won numerous medals. Since it was first introduced at the Olympic Games, judo has massively developed across the world – with 126 nations competing in the judo event at the Rio de Janeiro 2016 Olympics Games, 26 of which won medals.

Events

  • -60kg (men’s)
  • -66kg (men’s)
  • -73kg (men’s)
  • -81kg (men’s)
  • -90kg (men’s)
  • -100kg (men’s)
  • +100kg (men’s)
  • -48kg (women’s)
  • -52kg (women’s)
  • -57kg (women’s)
  • -63kg (women’s)
  • -70kg (women’s)
  • -78kg (women’s)
  • +78kg (women’s)
  • Mixed Teams

Venue in 2024

Champ de Mars Arena

International organisation

International federation : International Judo Federation

https://www.ijf.org/

© Ezra Shaw/Getty Images