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Para athletics

Para athletics is synonymous with dizzyingly high figures. The Olympic Games may comprise two 100m finals (one for men and one for women), but the Rio 2016 Paralympic Games had a grand total of 30 (16 for men and 14 for women) due to the number of impairment classifications. Athletics is a sport open to all physical, vision and intellectual impairment classifications. There is no denying its success, as more and more athletes take part in the Paralympic Games each time. 

Wheelchair athletics emerged in 1952, when athletes with spinal cord injuries took part in a javelin event as part of the Stoke Mandeville Games. Athletics was one of the first sports – out of a total of eight – to be added to the Paralympic programme at the Rome 1960 Games. It spans a wide range of track events (excluding obstacle races and walking events), jumping events (excluding the pole vault), throwing events (excluding the hammer throw) and, of course, the blue-ribbon road event: the marathon (since 1984). 

Brief overview of the rules 

Depending on their impairment classification, athletes can compete using a wheelchair (with three wheels), prostheses or a throwing seat. Depending on their level of impairment, vision impaired athletes can be accompanied by a guide-runner for races or guided by a coach for throwing and jumping events. However, not all impairment classifications are eligible to compete in all the events. 

Eligible impairments 

All types of impairment.

Paraplegia, quadriplegia and equivalent, amputation and equivalent, vision impairments and blindness, cerebral palsy, intellectual impairments, short stature. 


Letter: T (= Track) or F (= Field)

Number: First component (tens): 1 = vision impairment / 2 = intellectual impairment / 3 = co-ordination impairments (standing or seated) / 4 = short stature, amputation or limb deficiency / 5 = wheelchair (race or throw) / 6 = lower limb competing with prosthesis.

 Second component (units): severity of the impairment, 1 being the greatest impairment and 8 the mildest.

Further information about paralympic classification

Events in 2024

The Para athletics events will take place between the 30th of August and the 8th of September (para marathon).

  • 100m T11, T12, T13, T34, T35, T36, T37, T38, T44, T47, T53, T54, T63, T64 (women’s-men’s). T51, T52 (men’s)
  • 200m T35, T37, T64 (women’s-men’s). T11, T12, T36, T47 (women’s). T51 (men’s)
  • 400m T11, T12, T13, T20, T37, T38, T47, T53, T54 (women’s-men’s). T36, T52, T62 (men’s)
  • 800m T34, T53, T54 (women’s-men’s)
  • 1,500m T11, T13, T20, T54 (women’s-men’s). T38, T46 (men’s)
  • 5,000m T54 (women’s-men’s). T11, T13 (men’s)
  • Marathon T12, T54 (women’s-men’s).
  • 4x100m open relay (women’s-men’s)
  • Long jump T11, T12, T20, T37, T38, T47, T63, T64 (women’s-men’s). T13, T36 (men’s)
  • Club throw F32 (women’s-men’s). F51 (men’s)
  • High jump T47, T63, T64 (men’s)
  • Discus throw F11, F64 (women’s-men’s). F38, F41, F53, F55, F57 (women’s). F37, F52, F56 (men’s)
  • Javelin throw F13, F34, F46, F54 (women’s-men’s). F56 (women’s). F38, F41, F57, F64 (men’s)
  • Shot put F12, F20, F32, F33, F34, F35, F37, F40, FR41, F46, F57 (women’s-men’s). F54, F64 (women’s). F11, F36 , F53, F55, F63 (men’s)
Discover the marathon route

Venue in 2024

International federation

World Para Athletics

© Michael Steele/Getty Images

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