Rowing originally served as a means of transport in ancient Egypt, Greece and Rome, but it was only in England between the end of the 17th and start of the 18th centuries that it became a sport. The first major rowing competition was the country’s famous Oxford-Cambridge university boat race, which began in 1828.
Brief overview of the rules
Rowing involves propelling a boat using oars fixed to the vessel. It differs from other disciplines in that rowers sit with their backs to the direction of movement, therefore crossing the finish line backwards.
Rowers compete across a distance of 2.000 metres, alone or in teams of 2, 4 or 8. There are two different disciplines : double scull and sweep rowing. In sweep events, rowers hold a single oar with both hands, while in sculling they hold one oar in each hand. The eight-person crews have a coxswain, who steers the boat and directs the crew. The boat is steered using a small rudder that is attached to the foot of one of the rowers by a cable. There are two lightweight rowing events.
Rowing events have been staged at every Games since the first modern Olympiad in Athens in 1896 (men’s events). However, because the competition was scheduled to take place at sea, it had to be cancelled that year due to bad weather. Women’s events were only officially included in the Olympic program much later, at the Games of Montréal, in 1976.
The USA initially dominated Olympic rowing, before the Soviet Union and Germany came to the forefront. However, it is a British athlete, Sir Steve Redgrave, who is widely hailed as the greatest rower of all time, winning gold medals at five Olympic Games.
Events in 2024
The 14 rowing events will take place between the 27th of July and the 3rd of August.
- Single Sculls (women’s / men’s)
- Coxless Pair (women’s / men’s)
- Double Sculls (women’s / men’s)
- Coxless Four (women’s / men’s)
- Quadruple Sculls (women’s / men’s)
- Eight (women’s / men’s)
- Lightweight Double Sculls (women’s / men’s)
Venue in 2024
International federation : World Rowing
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