Trampolining was invented in 1934 by George Nissen, an American gymnast, after observing circus acrobats bouncing on safety nets. He built the first prototype trampoline to recreate their acrobatics. Initially used as a piece of equipment to train astronauts and athletes training for other acrobatic sports, the trampoline quickly became very popular as a sport in its own right. The first trampoline world championships were organised in London in 1964, and the sport integrated the International Gymnastics Federation 32 years later in 1996.
Brief overview of the rules
The two individual trampoline events (men’s and women’s) involve athletes bouncing over 8 metres high in the air on a rectangular bed of woven synthetic fabric to perform a series of twists, bounces and somersaults.
The bed is attached to a frame with steel springs so that its recoil action propels athletes high into the air. During the competition, athletes perform routines composed of ten moves, scored according to their difficulty, execution and time spent in the air. The sport is highly technical and requires absolute precision.
Trampoline became an Olympic sport at the Sydney Games in 2000, there the men’s and women’s individual trampoline competitions were added to the other disciplines in the sport of gymnastics.
Since its inclusion in the Olympic Games, China has dominated the sport, winning 11 of the 30 medals awarded, including three of the ten titles, and enjoys a significant lead in the trampoline medal table.
International federation : International Gymnastics Federation
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